Welcome, to the first edition of the peer-reviewed Electronic Journal of Applied Psychology (E-JAP)! The aims of the E-JAP are to provide researchers with the ability to publish current research in a timely manner, making it available globally through open-access technology. The editors are pleased to report that we have had a lot of interest from both local and international researchers about publishing in our eJournal. Reflecting this interest is the eminent list of researchers whose papers appear in the inaugural edition.
The articles in the clinical section of E-JAP reflect the diversity of research currently being undertaken within the field of applied psychology. In the first article, Salgado and Hermans explore the multiplicity of the self from several philosophical frameworks. As indicated by the authors, in the last 25 years the discipline of psychology has become increasingly willing to recognise the notion of multiplicity of the self. Underlying this recognition has been the application of several theoretical approaches including the social-cognitive perspective, and the social constructionist framework. While these approaches have provided a basis from which to explore the multiplicity of the self, Salgado and Hermans argue that these approaches are unable to explain subjectivity within a multiplicity of the self framework. In order to address these limitations, Salgado and Hermans propose that multiplicity of the self can be understood from a dialogical perspective and that this perspective can eliminate the apparent contradiction between the multiple sense of self and subjectivity. This paper contributes to the ongoing development of the model of the dialogical self originated by Hermans in the 1980's.
One aim of E-JAP’s is to promote qualitative research. Using a phenomenological methodology, Cubertson and Bruck explore the impact of narcolepsy on social functioning, while Thomas and Bosch explore the impact of chronic fatigue syndrome and its implications for psychological service provision. Both these papers provide evidence for the importance of understanding the personal experiences associated with dealing with a debilitating health concern.
Cubertson and Bruck address the limitations of the current (primarily quantitative) literature by investigating the personal experiences associated with narcolepsy. Several important themes are explored and identified, including the importance of understanding the social context associated with the disorder, the invisible nature of the disorder, and its impact upon social functioning.
Thomas and Bosch note that chronic fatigue is a complex syndrome that has increasingly treated using psychological rather than biomedical interventions. Using a discursive approach, the authors explore the personal perspectives associated with the experience of having chronic fatigue, the role of social support, and the possible effectiveness of counselling services to treat this syndrome.
The articles in the social issues section of E-JAP are excellent exemplars of issues of current concern in applied psychology. Since Hazan and Shaver’s seminal 1987 paper applying Bowlby’s attachment theory to adult relationships, attachment theory has become a major framework for relationship research. Feeney has been a significant contributor to this body of work. Her paper in this issue explore the applicability of attachment theory to understanding responses to hurtful interpersonal events in general, and to the felt security of adoptees in particular. Her paper contributes to an increasing body of knowledge on the varying emotional responses of people of different attachment styles.
A fruitful, though sometimes controversial issue in applied psychology is the concept of emotional intelligence. Although social intelligence was discussed by Thorndike (1920), it was Salovey and Mayer (1990) who reconceptualised it as emotional intelligence. Popularised by Goleman (1996), the operationalisation of emotional intelligence is still a matter of some debate. The paper by Fitness and Curtis in this issue presents evidence supporting the validity of one of the first measures of emotional intelligence, the Trait Meta-Mood Scale (Salovey, Mayer, Goldman, Turvey & Palfai, 1995). His paper is a welcome addition to the empirical literature on the conceptualisation and correlates of emotional intelligence.
Another important area of applied psychology is health psychology, and an enduring paradigm for predicting health-related behaviour is Ajzen and Madden’s (1986) Theory of Planned Behaviour. Nejad, Wertheim, and Greenwood’s article compares this model with the Health Belief Model for the prediction of dieting and fasting behaviour. Their paper elucidates the factors in both models that best predict specific
behaviours, especially that of intention, and will be of interest to clinicians dealing with the prevention and intervention of dieting and fasting behaviours.
The editors would like to thank these authors for their
confidence and support of E-JAP; the dedicated team of
reviewers who provided professional and constructive
advice; the eminent Board members of E-JAP for their
guidance and support; the members of the ARROW consortium who have provided the means for disseminating this research; and finally, the members of Swinburne’s psychology staff for their support and encouragement. We encourage you to submit articles on clinical and social issues to the journal. As with any new scholarly venture, we welcome your comments and suggestions for future publications, for example special editions.
Ajzen, I., & Madden, T. J. (1986). Prediction of goal-directed behavior: Attitudes, intentions and perceived behavioral control. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 22, 453-74.
Goleman, D. (1996). Emotional intelligence. London: Bloomsbury.
Hazan, C., & Shaver, P. (1987). Romantic love
conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 511-524.
Salovey, P., & Mayer, J. D. (1990). Emotional intelligence. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 9, 185-211.
Salovey, P., Mayer, J. D., Goldman, S. L., Turvey, C., & Palfai, T. P. (1995). Emotional attention, clarity, and repair: Exploring emotional intelligence using the trait meta-mood scale. In J. W. Pennebaker (Ed.). Emotion, disclosure, and
health (p. 125-154). Washington, DC: APA.
Thorndike, E. (1920). Intelligence and its uses. Harper’s, 140, 227-235.