Subjective Attributes of Depression, Part 2: The Contribution of Self-Perceived Disability to Depression Following Stroke
Lisanne Michelle Jenkins, David Gordon Andrewes, Tom Hale, Fary Khan, Nicolene Coetzee

Abstract
This study aimed to evaluate the factors leading to depression following stroke and amputation according to the patients own self-report. Method: Twenty-seven stroke patients and partners, and 28 amputees and partners from a rehabilitation centre completed the Subjective Disability Depression Questionnaire (SDDQ), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, General Health Questionnaire-28, and Emotional and Social Dysfunction Questionnaire. Results: Stroke patients scored higher than amputee patients on all depression measures. Stepwise regression models using the SDDQ scales to predict a Combined Depression score were completed. For the stroke group, the model comprised perceived Cognitive Difficulties and Emotional Dysfunction (R²= .68). For the amputees, the Relationships scale was the only scale to enter the model (R² = .41). Conclusions: This study identified factors contributing to depression following stroke and amputation.

Keywords

Psychology; stroke; amputation; cognition; emotion; relationships; depression

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7790/ejap.v5i1.143