PANDAS (Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disease Associated with Streptococcus) in Autism?: A Case History
Robyn Elizabeth Cosford

PANDAS is a recently described neuropsychiatric disorder in children, characterised by the onset of psychiatric symptoms accompanied by abnormal streptococcal serology in prepubertal children. A case of a young boy diagnosed with autism, with symptoms and serology previously described as consistent with this disorder but no apparent history of streptococcal illness, is discussed. In this case, colonic dysbiosis with overgrowth of streptococcal and enterococcal species is identified and the child is treated with probiotics and supplemental nutrients with good clinical response.


: PANDAS, autism, colonic dysbiosis, streptococcus, enterococcus, probiotics.

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